Los abogados apuntan a la legislación sobre criptografía de Rusia

Los expertos legales rusos han criticado las leyes de criptografía de la nación, sugiriendo que los tribunales del país han tenido problemas al tratar con las criptomonedas en el pasado, e insinuando que la legislación reciente puede haber hecho poco para levantar la niebla legal que rodea a cómo se controlan los tokens.

Según un informe del medio de comunicación Bitcoin Rush, las leyes rusas promulgadas recientemente relativas al estado legal y fiscal de los criptoactivos se han diseñado para salvar a los tribunales de un atolladero legal que ha visto casos en los que los jueces han estimado el precio de los criptoactivos de las personas calculando el valor de los dispositivos de memoria flash en los que estaban almacenados.

Pero dos abogados que hablan con el medio de comunicación afirman que las nuevas reglas no han ayudado mucho al poder judicial, si es que lo han hecho

Angelika Matushkina, experta legal en la Escuela Digital de Moscú , advirtió que los comerciantes que reciben fiat por vender sus fondos todavía encuentran el proceso „problemático“ cuando tratan con bancos.

Los bancos parecen confundidos sobre cómo deben lidiar con las criptomonedas, y muchos buscan evitar problemas por parte de las autoridades, tomando medidas que suenan draconianas.

Matushkina afirmó que las transacciones que involucran criptografía se pueden „bloquear“ y las cuentas „congelar“

Aconsejó a los comerciantes que organizaran reuniones preventivas con sus gerentes bancarios para discutir los requisitos y documentos necesarios para registrar los ingresos de las ventas de criptomonedas, para cumplir con las nuevas regulaciones fiscales sobre la declaración de fondos criptográficos. De lo contrario, advirtió, los comerciantes pueden “tener problemas con el Servicio de Monitoreo Financiero Federal [regulador] (Rosfinmonitoring) o los equipos de cumplimiento bancario.

El mismo medio de comunicación cita a Maria Agranovskaya, socia gerente y abogada de tecnología financiera del asesor legal ruso GRAD , afirmando que las nuevas leyes han sido „algo decepcionantes“, ya que originalmente estaban destinadas a „proporcionar una base para las actividades legítimas de todos los participantes del mercado, para poner en orden la práctica dispar de los tribunales y permitir que los bancos trabajen con proyectos criptográficos ”, algo que Moscú no ha logrado hasta ahora a los ojos de muchos abogados.

Nubank’s hacker arrest has been upheld by the courts

Using fintech’s own accounts, the suspect would have raised R$ 13 million.

The arrest of a hacker who attacked Fintech Nubank, held on 16 December 2020, was upheld by the courts. Operation Ostentação, which was set off by the civilian police of several states, served warrants in Maranhão, Goiás and Tocantins.

The police action has been taking place since February 2020, when several people were arrested in cities of Maranhão. In December of the same year, however, the second phase of the operation sought suspects of causing damage to Nubank.

The scams against customers of the institution ended up taking about R$ 13 million, and Nubank notified the police authorities. In fact, hackers used common techniques today to perpetuate fraud against fintech account holders.

The case recalls that the cryptomaniac community, too, must be on the lookout for similar actions.

Superior Court of Justice (STJ) holds Nubank hacker prison
One of the suspects arrested by Operation Ostentação in Maranhão has filed a writ of habeas corpus. Since his arrest in December 2020, he would not have had a custody hearing.

As a result, he was asked to relax his detention and take alternative precautionary measures to imprisonment. In the first instance, the state court in Maranhão denied the request of Nubank’s hacker, maintaining the arrest.

„Moreover, the decision attacked, in principle, has sufficient grounds, highlighting the modus operandi of the crimes, exclusively virtual, which imported in the conduct of fraudulent operations to generate a loss of almost R$ 13 million reais to account holders of NU BANK, its frequency and customary (with about 918 victims), in the period from October 2019 to May 2020; the reasonableness of the length of the investigations, given the peculiarities of the feat (numerous seized material and people to be heard), as well as the evidence of authorship from the data collected from the seized mobile phones (ID 8938936). „The judge of first instance emphasized

In his appeal against the higher court decision, the suspected hacker Nubank had his case examined by the STJ. According to the decision, Minister Humberto Martins did not find illegality in the view of the judge at first instance.

Thus, the STJ would have no jurisdiction to rule on the habeas corpus claim of Nubank’s hacker and the arrest should be maintained. The case law of the STJ and Precedent No. 691 of the STF were cited to support the Minister’s decision.

Increasingly common phishing scams in Brazil cause millions in damage
The man who kept the prison is only one of 30 arrested by the civilian police in Operation Ostentação in the last month. According to the investigations, the gang would specialize in virtual scams against accountants, using phishing scams to do so.

These scams consist of creating false web pages, accessed through links, leading people to believe they are in the right environment. By filling in data, victims end up handing over precious information to hackers, who run to steal resources in their possessions.

In Nubank’s case, 918 customers lost almost R$ 13 million with this gang. However, cryptomaniac investors in Brazil also often face this reality, especially with Bitcoin’s recent rise.

In any case, the tip is always to avoid clicking on suspicious links and observe if the page accessed contains valid security certificates. Some of the hackers that use the technique also usually send spam emails or even act through social networks such as Facebook and Instagram.

In the last few days, for example, an entrepreneur has had her Instagram account hacked and is required to pay Bitcoin as a ransom. Phishing scams have become even more common in the midst of the new coronavirus pandemic.